COMPARING THE RESPONSIBLE CONDUCT OF RESEARCH POLICY DOCUMENTS IN THE TWO LEADING UNIVERSITIES IN AFRICA: A CONCEPTUAL REVIEW.

COMPARING THE
RESPONSIBLE CONDUCT OF
RESEARCH POLICY
DOCUMENTS IN THE TWO
LEADING UNIVERSITIES IN
AFRICA: A CONCEPUTAL REVIEW.
Ojiakor Ijeoma P.
Ijeoma.ojiakor@unn.edu.ng
Department of Accountancy, University of
Nigeria, Enugu Campus.
ABSTRACT
Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR)
can be defined as the practice of scientific
investigation with integrity which involves
the awareness and application of
established professional norms and ethical
principles in the performance of all
activities related to scientific research.
RCR has to do with honesty, accuracy,
efficiency and objectivity in reporting
research works by researchers. The main
objective of this work is to carry out a
conceptual review of the contents of RCR
Policy Documents in the two leading
African
Universities,
namely:
the
Stellenbosch University of South Africa
and the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. RCR
varies from country to country and from
University to University. In spite of the
obvious variations noticeable in different
institutions, the main targets of these two
leading institutions are noticeably similar.
The study revealed that the two policy
guidelines have a target which is to ensure
responsible research practice, inspire
confidence and offer some level of
protection to individuals and some
corporate researchers in the Universities.
The study also revealed that there is no
one best way of undertaking research and
no universal method applies to all
scientific investigations. However, there
are some important shared values for the
RCR that binds all researchers together.
The study recommends that there should
Accounting and Finance Research Association
be compulsory training on RCR for all
African students and researchers both at
the undergraduate and postgraduate
levels. It also recommends the inclusion of
RCR in the academic curriculum in both
programs of African Universities.

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