EFFECT OF PHYSICAL WORK ENVIRONMENT ON EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY IN CONSTRUCTION AND OIL SERVICE FIRMS OF AKWA-IBOM STATE

EFFECT OF PHYSICAL WORK
ENVIRONMENT ON
EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY IN
CONSTRUCTION AND OIL
SERVICE FIRMS OF AKWA-IBOM
STATE
Mbah Paulinus Chigozie
Business Administration Department,
Faculty of Management Sciences,
Enugu State University Of Science And
Technology Enugu, Nigeria.
govegroupp@gmail.com
Iwu, Francis
Business Administration Department,
Faculty of Management Sciences,
Enugu State University of Science and
Technology Enugu, Nigeria.
ABSTRACT
The work place environment such as poorly
designed
workstations,
unsuitable
furniture, lack of ventilation, inappropriate
lighting, excessive noise, insufficient safety
measures in fire emergencies and lack of
personal protective equipment make work
environment unsafe and unhealthy capable
diminish employee productivity. The main
objective of this study is to examine the
effect of physical work environment on
employee productivity in construction and
oil service firms of Akwa Ibom State. The
specific objectives are to: ascertain the
effect of workplace quality air circulation
on employee productivity; evaluate the
effect of workplace lighting system on
employee productivity. The research design
was descriptive survey method. The
population of this study comprises of 503
employees of construction and oil service
firms in Ikwa-Ibom State. The research
questions were answered using mean score
and standard deviation. The hypotheses
stated were tested using t-statistics. Two
hundred and one (201) copies of
questionnaires
were
designed
and
distributed to the respondents. Out of theBook of Abstract
200 Questionnaires distributed, 178 (89%)
were completed and returned while 22
(11%) were not returned. The following are
the major findings of the study: the
workplace quality air circulation has
significant effect on employee productivity
because observed values of t – statistics
(5.324) was greater than its critical values
(0.000); the workplace lighting system has
significant effect on employee productivity
because observed values of t – statistics
(9.129) was greater than its critical values
(0.000); The study concludes that there is
positive and significant effect of physical
work
environment
on
employee
productivity in construction and oil service
firms of Akwaibom State. Based on the
findings, the following recommendations
were made; (1) Management of
construction and oil service firms of
Akwaibom State should place more
importance to employee health and safety
by providing necessary facilities that are
conducive for work environment, and take
actions for employee welfare. (2)
Construction and oil service firms of
Akwaibom State should make available
adjustable and flexible furniture to all
workers in order to make them more
comfortable. This in the long run keeps the
employees healthy.

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