BOOSTING RICE PRODUCTION AND INCREASING EMPLOYMENT IN CROSS RIVER
STATE NIGERIA

P.A. Oti (PhD), F. E. Enya & J. O. Otalor (PhD)
DEPARTMENT OF ACCOUNTING, FACULTY OF MGT. SCIENCES, UNIVERSITY OF
CALABAR. CALABAR, CROSS RIVER STATE NIGERIA
E-mails: pitaoti@gmail.com, enyafrancisejeje4pdd@gmail.com, john.otalor@gmail.com, 08058235962,
08066935105, 08037403415

ABSTRACT
Unemployment is associated with poverty, arm robbery, prostitution, kidnapping, thuggery and other
prevalent political, economic and socio vices. Government attention in rice production has been on the
increase as a possible way of addressing these menace and at the same time achieved food sufficiency in
the country. Rice is one of the food crops which have assumed great significance as a major staple food
that is widely consumed in Nigeria. the attention given to rice production in Nigeria is the focal point of
both the government and the private sector. The study seeks to examine if boasting rice production can
result to increase in employment in Cross River State. The study employed the use of questionnaires to
collect data from respondents and a research design was adopted with a sample size of 216. Data collected
were analyzed using Descriptive statistics and Gross Margin. Based on per hectare of rice production
reveals associated cost and revenue. rice production revealed average revenue of N400,000 while average
variable and fixed cost were N263,436 and N29,714 respectively. The gross margin and net farm income
were N135,136 and N106,707 respectively. The result shows that revenue generated per hectare of rice
production exceed the cost per hectare and a profitable venture. In conclusion, there is need to improve on
the quality of indigenous rice to compete with foreign rice through selection and adaptation of modern rice
technologies. This will go a long way in boasting our economy by taking advantage of the African
Continental Free Trade Agreement (AFCFTA) and Industrialization. Government policies should be that
which favor production of local rice as it is being practiced in the advanced world. Based on the findings
of the study, the following recommendations were made: Farmers should as a matter of importance learn
how to keep financial transactions records, the basics of every going concern. Rice production should not
be seen as business for the uneducated, but rather a venture most especially for the educated. Government
should deregulate input prices, such as fertilizer, agro chemical, and seed, through subsidy, soft loans,
timely and efficient distribution of inputs to farmers to improve production. That Farmers should adopt the
use of labor saving technologies such as tractors, harrows, and herbicide to reduce the high cost of labor
on the farm. In relation to this government should subsidized farm machines, this will go a long way in
improving farmers’ efficiency, which will in turn reduce unemployment rate.
Keywords: rice production, descriptive statistics, gross margin, government policies. Unemployment.

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